We get it, you are planning a fancy office, how to specify electric door hardware is the last item on your mental to do list. Always remember, if you’d like to be in a nice office like below, you will ALWAYS have to unlock the door!
That’s why a lot of construction and architecture companies ask us how to specify electric door hardware into their project. Mostly it also includes swipe card readers from Kisi. When thinking about how to specify electric door hardware it is important to think about more than just the reader. This might be the only visible part to the user). That is exactly the reason why we came up with this guide to make your life as easy as possible.
You can use this guide also to specify electric door hardware that is not manufactured by Kisi, such as HID readers. However keep in mind the vulnerabilities that exist in those products. (see post on hack hid, or wiegand vulnerability)
Timing: When to specify electric door hardware
The best phase to start looking at this is when your construction company is start drafting the plans. Typically they need to indicate wiring or cable runs. Once the walls are closed you can still install all hardware, but cables need to be pulled when walls are open.
The other critical part is specifying the doors. It is paramount to not specify a sliding door because they mostly do not work with electric door hardware.
Here are the ideal construction related installation requirements for Kisi or electronic door hardware in general. If Kisi comes in to install with a newly constructed space and those requirements are not met we can not guarantee for meeting project deadlines.
Using the floor plan for planning access control
Typically the architect or engineering consultant draws a schematic of the wiring plan including wire runs, where they are dispatched to and any hardware installed. Here are some schematic basics you might want to include:
- Motion sensor
- Push to exit button
Door planning: In the past it helped many companies to visualize the plans with the specific picture of the existing door. Here is an example:
Specify electric door hardware (locks) to use for swipe card reader compatibility
Any wired lock like electric strike, wired mortise lock or electromagnetic lock should work and can be included in the construction scope. See locks compatible with Kisi here: https://support.getkisi.com/article/door-locks. This article also includes recommended lock brands.
Whatever lock you end up choosing, one cable needs to be dispatched to the lock position. This cable will connect the door security hardware AND the motion sensor or push to exit (if required). That’s why we typically recommend to pull CAT5e or CAT6 cable compared to regular low voltage cable.
We also have a wiring diagram ready in our installation guide. Generally you might look for wiring diagrams for electric door hardware which are included in the document.
Electric strike wiring diagram
If it’s for a regular door, installed on the door frame next to the lock
Magnetic lock wiring diagram
If it’s for a glass door with magnetic locks, installed on top of the door
Wired mortise lock wiring diagram
If you’d like to avoid an electric strike and wire the cable through an electric hinge to the wired mortise lock that replaces the regular lock
Advise on other locks advise
One note about sliding doors: They are NOT recommended. They look very elegant but are absolutely not usable with wired electronic locks.
Generally all locks are wired to a power source. Typically the power source is in the IT – or communications room. However if it’s a small one door installation you could also wire the lock to a power source close to the door. Keep in mind this shouldn’t be accessible for the regular user, otherwise you might end up with manual interference. Here is a resource describing where to install Kisi.
Now let’s spec the swipe card reader – or proximity reader
At Kisi we call the swipe card reader “pro reader“. For ease of understanding we stick with the industry standard “swipe card reader”.
The first question we typically get is:
Mounting specs of the reader
A Kisi swipe card reader is on-wall mounted. The Kisi readers come with set screws to mount. The reader cable needs to be dispatched to the reader height next to the door 48” from the floor, with minimum distance of 10” from the door frame.
Wiring diagram for swipe card reader
The next question typically evolves around cables: The Kisi pro reader works best with a wired CAT5e or CAT6 cable pulls from the future position of the swipe card reader to the IT room. Which CAT cable it is doesn’t really matter for us, your cabling company might have preferences depending on quality and distance.
The reader must be installed outside the door on the same side of the door as the door handle. IE: door handle is to the left of the door, install reader to the left of door.
Do you already think “that’s a lot of cable going on here”? I’ve recently been in an office buildout construction site where I took this picture:
That’s around 80 boxes of CAT6 cable. If you ever looked at the price of one box, you know might as well be a small luxury sports car standing around. It’s what it costs. Cabling is not cheap and it shouldn’t be the place where you save, because most likely you will never have a chance to change or edit the cable runs during the entire time of you staying in the office.
Important: The beginning and end of the cable have to be labelled with the door name, so there is no confusion as to which cable to choose.
Option: Front desk wire – Most companies prefer to have a hardwired unlock button at the front desk, so there needs to be a signal cable run to the front desk from the IT room.
Installing access control panels in server / IT room
Ideally Kisi controllers are mounted on a wall mount wood board at a height of 5-6 feet above the ground. There needs to be 2 power outlets per one Kisi controller.
All wiring must be secured to the wall with a stable gun or wire tie downs. Ideal compatibility is a drop ceiling.
The Pro Controller needs an ethernet CAT5e or CAT6 cable for data connectivity, a twisted pair power cable and enough space for running up to four door signal cables as well as alarm panels and if needed backup power. More details about this in the next paragraphs.
To give you an idea how a very large installation could look like:
Sorry to disappoint, typically it never looks that nice, but just keep it in mind as a goal to strive towards.
Power and functionality backup
Very confusing for construction planning to understand are typically the failover power backup systems. Our first advise is always to check if the building has a backup generator for power. That saves all the trouble. Otherwise for emergency requirements you’d need a 24h backup battery spec’d for the amount of locks you have.
The typical backup battery brand recommendation would be Altronix.
For functionality backup a physical analog backup must be installed in form of manual key override or pin pad.
Connecting fire safety and fire alarm to access control
The fire safety system can be connected with Kisi via dry contacts normally open or normally closed. The fire vendor / architect has to specify emergency push bars where needed. A typical brand used for fire / emergency panels is Bosch.
That’s the how to specify electric door hardware guide!
That’s our guide on “How to specify electric door hardware”. If you have any questions or suggestions for improvements, feel free to comment below! We’ll revise where needed or clarify.